New rules on how colleges and universities must protect students against sexual assault went into effect July 1. The regulations — amendments to the Clery Act — are known as the Campus Sexual Violence Elimination (SaVE) Act, part of the Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act (VAWA), which President Obama signed in March 2013.
The U.S. Department of Education is responsible for enforcing the legislation, for which it released final language on in October 2014.
The SaVE Act requires public and private institutions of higher education to increase transparency about sexual violence on campus, guarantee victims’ rights, provide institutional standards for proceedings, and develop campus-wide education and prevention programs.
Additionally, the SaVE Act amends the Clery Act by adding domestic violence, dating violence, and stalking to the types of crimes schools are required to report. Under the original Clery Act, schools must disseminate information on violent crimes that have occurred on or near campus, which includes sexual assault.
Hate crimes motivated by gender identity or national origin must also be included in schools’ annual security report.
The Education Department offers schools a list of resources for implementing requirements of the SaVE Act.